Gonbad Qabus; The tallest brick tower in the world
Gonbad Qabus or Gonbad-e Kavus is one of the most beautiful iran attractions, which was built in 375 AH during the reign of the Ziyarian by the order of most famous King of that dynasty, near the city of Jorjan that today it called Gonbad-e Kavus in Golestan province.
This tower is 53 meters high and is located on a hill with height of 17 meters. Thus, Gonbad Qabus with 70 meters’ high is the tallest brick tower in the world, that has been registered in UNESCO world heritage site.
Many enthusiasts and tourists from all over the world visit this beautiful historical monument every year when they travel to iran, so if you are interested in visiting Iran, stay with us to get acquainted with this beautiful Iran tourist attraction.
Gonbade Qabus architecture
Gonbad Qabus Tower is composed of three parts that are called Foundation, body, and Dome. The body of this building is designed as a Decagon and is located on a circular base. This circular base is enormous and most of its volume is located inside the hill and only two meters from its base is outside of the hill.
Architectures only used baked brick for building Gonbad Qabus and it will amaze you if we say no steel or concrete has been used in building this tower and it is still stayed up after 1000 years and natural factors didn’t cause any harm.
We should mention that during these years, the Gonbad Qabus Tower has been restored only 3 times, and the only change that has happened over these years is changing the color of its from red to golden because of the sunlight.
Cone dome of Gonbade Qabus
Another important point about of Gonbad Qabus is its conical dome section. this 18-meter conical dome without any intermediaries is located on the body of this tower and has a surface with a steep gradient.
All over the world, many scholars consider Gonbad Qabus tower as the greatest architectural masterpiece in the world, and they mention it in their documents and books.
Gonbade Qabus structure
You cannot find many decorative elements in the structure of Gonbad Qabus and only two rows of inscriptions that are carved on it walls with Kofi handwriting.
The structure of this building is designed in a strong and balanced manner and because of its architectural style and design, inspires a visitor's sense of glory. That is why we recommend you to visit this tower during your iran tours.
Why Gonbande Qabus had been built?
The reason for the construction of Gonbad Qabus is a question that has been posed between archaeologists and researchers and they have different views and opinions about it. Some of these theories are:
A symbol of the power and majesty of Ziyarian dynasty
Some scholars believe that this building was built for showing the glory and majesty of Ziyarian dynasty power because in past all kings were trying to make their name and monarchy immortal forever.
The symbol of old Jorjan
If you look at historical buildings and their special iranian architecture, you will find that many of these high buildings have been built as a symbol of each city along the roads and also as a determinative of the travelers’ route.
Considering that Gonbad Qabus is also one of the high historical monuments of Iran, some believe that this building was built to be the symbol of the ancient city of Jorjan for travelers.
Some historians believe that this building was built as an observatory, also in one of the historical book is stated that Kushyar Gilani (one of the most prominent Iranian mathematicians and astronomers) has built an observatory, but Its location has not been determined.
for this reason, some believe that Gonbad Qabus is actually the Kushyar Gilani Observatory.
Tomb of Qabus
Some researchers believe that this building was built as tomb of Qabus (the person who ordered the construction of this building), Although archaeologists didn’t find any dead body there in their excavations.
Some believe that the body of this person was hung in a glass coffin from the ceiling of the tower and exposed to the sunlight that was entering from the eastern porch of the tower.
More information about Gonbade Qabus:
Address: North Imam Khomeini St- Gonbad-e Kavus city - Golestan province in iran northern cities - Iran
Access time: 7:30 – 17:15
Weekend closure: -
Cost for foreign nationals: 200,000 IRR
Suggested visit time: 1 to 2 hours
Phone number: +98 17 3322 5891
Nearest Tourist Attractions: Lac Alagol - Alma Gol Lake - Aq Band village
Best time to visit: 4 season
Access to vehicles:
*For visiting this historical tower, we recommend you to use car rental iran services and visit many other attractions in your route. you can get more useful information about other attractions near Gonbad Qabus tower.
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